Beneficial Insects
go green, tips & facts

Create a Garden to Attract Beneficial Insects

To encourage high beneficial insect populations design your garden to incorporate a variety of flowering plants rich in nectar and pollen.  Choose cultivars with easily accessible polle… Read more »

What's Under Your Soil?
tips & facts

Work on the Down Low to Improve What’s on Top

Horticulturists agree that time spent improving what is happening below the surface of a lawn greatly reduces the time needed to maintain what is on top of it.  The ideal soil for grass meets f… Read more »

Planting a new lawn—step-by-step
tips & facts

How Much Seed to Use When Overseeding

Seed Type Pounds* per 1,000-square feet Bluegrass 1 to 2 Tall fescue 4 Perennial ryegrass 4 Fine fescue 2 2 *Note: some experts recommend exceeding these amounts.… Read more »

Building Fertility - Lime Pellets
tips & facts

Applying Lime

For acidic soils, use pelletized lime to minimize dust and ensure uniformity.  You can mix finely ground limestone with a water-soluble binder to form pellets.  Use a drop spreader to appl… Read more »

tips & facts

What to Wear For Pest & Weed Control

Whether you’re using insecticides and herbicides derived from botanical, biological, or synthetic materials, take all basic precautions, including the use of goggles, disposable dus… Read more »

tips & facts

Safe Pesticide Use

Use the least toxic, most target-specific chemical. Purchase the smallest amount needed to do the job. Do not mix more spray than you need—and stick to target areas only. Read the label care… Read more »

Amend soil
tips & facts

What is a Soil Amendment?

Adding a soil amendment, also called a soil conditioner, helps improve plant growth and health.  The type of amendment or amendments added depends on the current soil composition, the clim… Read more »

Identifying Lawn Diseases
tips & facts

Plant Disease Cycle

Photo Credit: University of Missouri Fortunately, it takes more than the presence of pathogens (disease-causing microorganisms) to bring on infection in lawns.  You also need a host—g… Read more »

Nematode - Biological Insecticides
go green, tips & facts


Predatory nematodes attack lawn pests such as billbugs, sod webworms, and white grubs. Nematodes are parasites that kill hosts, such as this grub, within 48-hours.  Some nematodes attack… Read more »

Underground pests - Japanese Beetle
go green, tips & facts

Integrated Pest Management (IPM), an Eco-Friendly Approach

Too often people see insects as invaders to be attacked with various toxic chemicals.  While such actions may take care of the immediate problem, they usually create a host of others.  Toda… Read more »

tips & facts

The Origin of "Fairy Ring"

Photo by Dr. Van Cline, Agronomist, The Toro Company The term “fairy ring” dates back to 1599 and comes from the folk belief that the rings were made by fairies or pixies dancing in… Read more »

Golden pheasant
go green, tips & facts

Dust, Not Just for the Birds!

The birds reveling in the backyard dust know what they are doing.  Finely ground particles in such dust baths damage the exoskeletons of bothersome insects.  Diatomaceous earth, a dust us… Read more »

White Clover - not all weeds are bad
tips & facts

Not All Weeds are Bad

Weeds are survivors designed to live in conditions that do not favor most other plants.  However, a “weed” is not always bad.  White clover, once considered a fashionable lawn plant, w… Read more »